Tuesday, May 26, 2020

What Is So Fascinating About I Believe Essay Topics?

What Is So Fascinating About I Believe Essay Topics? Ok, I Think I Understand I Believe Essay Topics, Now Tell Me About I Believe Essay Topics! Of course Christmas has come to be largely secularized too, but in addition, it has become thoroughly commercialized in proportion. Music is going to be among the things you will depend on for a moment. That usually means that music is a tool that will help you relax, to aid you come back to the foundation. Music as in the way it can help you through hard times. Send a complete description of your lesson through our contact form and we're going to look it over! If you would like to be helpful, you need to practice, practice, practice. Also, be certain that the formats used are per the necessary forms. Thus do not attempt for this, instead, utilize the abilities and capabilities in you and attempt to provide your best every moment. The Chronicles of I Believe Essay Topics Although however various excellent audio you might have crammed onto your iPhone or possibly ways fascinating the persons appear to be, anybody will have the ability to adventure dullness right after a couple of hours alone within a vehicle. Not each of these topics might be perfect for you but you can select the one which suits you the most. Your answers to these kinds of questions will provide you with a notion about your self-esteem. Have a look at some fun persuasive speech topics too. Although this strategy helped lots of light bulbs go off, it didn't get the job done for everybody. You are likely to love our work. Before getting into how to construct self-esteem, you ought to be clear regarding the notion of self-esteem. Here are a few topics to receive them going. The biggest thing I need to focus on is finding ways to acquire my readers to care about the matter. Being in the front row will supply you with confidence. Alas, the biggest struggle for everyone appears to come from their urge to fit in. Not drastic adjustments, but more compact ones have occurred gradually with time. There's something intrinsically essential in being there for one another, even if it doesn't benefit us as individuals. Although they appreciated having so much option, they still needed some direction to begin. Cheaper choices can cause you to regret later. It may not be your original first selection, or your second alternative, or even your third option. Facts, Fiction and I Believe Essay Topics If at all possible, the writing ought to be in a position to bring the reader into believing on the specific theme used despite their beliefs. Nothing about writing is simple, and not everyone is able to do it. Custom writing means a significant company with high standards. This is the way custom writing works. To get essay online, you simply will need to fill in the application form and you'll get superior work on the desired topic. When beginning to compose this essay, I knew the very first step was supposed to discover credible sources from either side of the matter. There continue to be many areas in which I have to improve, specifically in respect to my essay topics. Luckily, you've come to the ideal place to discover the best remedy to every single academic writing problem that you're currently facing with your essay. I am interested in being a writer as it's the one thing I am good at. Our writers always create unique content that's absolutely free from all grammatical error. But mainly, I would like to be a writer because I'm a writer. It's not, and actually, that's among the reasons why we wind up describing the majority of the graduation speeches as being boring. Funny speech topics are often hard to produce.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Leading Change By John P. Kotter - 1274 Words

Gwyn Nunnelee MG401 Week 7 Research Paper Leading Change By John P. Kotter After publishing the article â€Å"Leading Change; Why Transformation Efforts Fail† in 1994, John Kotter decided that he wanted to develop a practical roadmap for leaders of organizations to identify why change fails, and simple steps that can be explained to help organizations develop leadership as a vessel for successful change. Kotter, successful professor of business at Harvard and world traveled business lecturer, opens up and simplifies his own ideals and experiences within organizations to simplify the pitfalls of organizational change, and how successful steps in leadership steps can help an organization as business culture rapidly continues to require change and transformation (Kotter, 1996). Kotter’s work discusses the process of change in three parts. In the first section, Kotter addresses eight common mistakes found among organizational transformation and how they contribute to failure. He also takes the time to touch on what drives an organization towards change, challenges that organizations face, and introduces the reader to his eight step leadership strategy for successful transformation in times of change. Part two of Kotter’s work discusses in detail each phase of the eight step process, and Kotter supplies the reader with examples throughout the work in order to help the reader relate the message for clearer understanding. Part three discusses how organization will continue to changeShow MoreRelatedLeading Change by John P. Kotter1272 Words   |  6 PagesLeading Change by John P. Kotter Book review by Pat Naughtin Harvard-Professor John P. Kotter has been observing the process of change for 30 years. He believes that there are critical differences between change efforts that have been successful, and change efforts that have failed. What interests him is why some people are able to get their organizations to change dramatically — while most do not. John P. Kotter writes: Over the past decade, I have watched more than a hundred companies try to remakeRead MoreImplementation Of Implementing Change And Developing Worldwide Rivalry1452 Words   |  6 PagesIMPLEMENTING CHANGE Introduction: Businesses are constantly required to adapt to changing environment in order to maintain their position in the market and even more so if they are to truly grow.† (Biedenbacha and Soumlderholma, 2008). Changes are the crucial things in â€Å"the present market, the present rate of technological progress and growing and developing worldwide rivalry let us predict a proceeding with requirement change in future. (Armenakis and Harris, 2009). The writer says change never beginsRead MoreEssay on â€Å"Leading Change: Why Transformation Efforts Fail†868 Words   |  4 Pagesacknowledge the need to experience change and transformation in order to survive. The key challenges companies face are due to the advancements in technology, the social environment caused by globalization, the pace of competition, and the demands regarding customer expectations. It is difficult to overcome the obstacles involved with change despite all the articles, books, and publications devoted to the topic. People are naturally resistant to fundamental changes and often intimidated by the process;Read MoreJohn Kotters Eight Stage Change Model1284 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract This paper discusses John Kotter’s Eight-Stage Change Model and how it can be used as a guide when implementing change within an organization. The roles of various stakeholders including senior and emerging leaders, managers and employees throughout the eight stages are defined. In addition, factors which can contribute to a failed organization change initiative are discussed. Transforming an organization from a sub-optimizing enterprise of independently functioning departments toRead MoreJohn Kotters Eight Stage Model Essay1285 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract This paper discusses John Kotter’s Eight-Stage Change Model and how it can be used as a guide when implementing change within an organization. The roles of various stakeholders including senior and emerging leaders, managers and employees throughout the eight stages are defined. In addition, factors which can contribute to a failed organization change initiative are discussed. Transforming an organization from a sub-optimizing enterprise of independently functioning departments toRead MoreOur Iceberg Is Melting : Changing And Succeeding Under Any Conditions1634 Words   |  7 PagesMelting: Changing and Succeeding Under Any Conditions is a fable written by John Kotter and Holger Rathgeber. Dr. John Kotter was a professor at Harvard but is now retired. Known as the â€Å"world’s foremost leadership and change guru† (Kotter and Rathgeber, 2005, p. 147), Kotter is involved in many organizations that help others drive change and leadership. Kotter has written multiple successful books about utilizing change and leadership for self-growth. Holger Rathgeber is a â€Å"vice president of humanRead MoreAnalysis Of The Article Winning At Change By John P. Kotter918 Words   |  4 PagesQuestion 30 The four mistakes discussed in the article Winning at Change by John P. Kotter are partly (very slightly) and indirectly discussed in Chapter 14. One of the key factors in the chapter is the rational approach to organization change and includes Beer’s model that is used to understand why change initiatives fail. Kotter’s 4 common mistakes 1. Failing to establish a sense of urgency- Kotter mentions this as the first crucial step to gain the team’s momentum and develop an action plan.Read MoreJohn Kotter s Eight Stages Of Implementing Organizational Change2461 Words   |  10 PagesAbstract This paper will identify John Kotter’s eight stages of implementing organizational change, as depicted in his book Leading Change. This paper will also intertwine Kotter’s teachings with information from authors John Ivancevich, Robert Konopaske, and Michael Matteson and their textbook Organizational Behavior and Management. Change is inevitable. Managers will undoubtedly face change within their organization. Kotter’s processes of implementing change, further supported by principles andRead MoreLeading Change--Jack Welch Essay1611 Words   |  7 PagesLEADING CHANGE: WHY TRANSFORMATION EFFORTS FAIL Page 1 Leading Change: Why Transformation Efforts Fail Lynda Greene MMOL 601A Dr. Toni Pauls October 23, 2012 Leading Change: Why Transformation Efforts Fail Page 2 Summary of Leading Change: Why Transformation Efforts Fail John Kotter, a former professor of Leadership at Harvard Business School, has studied both success and failure in change initiatives in business. â€Å"The most general lesson to be learned from the more successfulRead MoreMaxie L Hardy/Dennis Hightower Essay842 Words   |  4 PagesCase Analysis 07 Dennis Hightower: Walt Disney Transnational Manager University of La Verne Graduate School of Business BUS 585 Strategies in Change Management CRN 2426 Professor John C. Sivie October 18, 2011 Dennis Hightower: Walt Disney’s Transnational Manager Hightower brings broad career experience for this assignment for change. He has a professional background as a strategic manager. This position for Hightower came as a surprise. Hightower will face the challenge of being

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Ethics Of The Encyclopedia Of Philosophy - 950 Words

The methodology I find myself basing most of my decisions off of is aretology, also referred to as virtue ethics. Aretology is defined by Lovin as â€Å"a system of thinking about ethics that centers on virtues.† Unlike deontology and teleology, which only focus on either rules or goals, aretology combines both rules and goals making it a good basis for ethical decisions. The Stanford of Encyclopedia of Philosophy defines virtue ethics as an ethical approach â€Å"that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach which emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that which emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism).† Additionally, The Stanford of Encyclopedia of Philosophy gives an example of a virtue ethicist by saying that a virtuous person will help someone in need because it is charitable and contributes to the good of society. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy gives a very similar definition that says that areteology is â€Å"a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences.† The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy also says that aretology was inspired by Aristotle, who said that a virtuous person would have ideal character traits, which begin as instincts and are then established after gaining personal experience. Lovin goes on to give Aristotle’s definition of a virtue, which is â€Å"a pattern of behaviorShow MoreRelatedTok Essay Art Is a Lie That Brings Us Nearer to the Truth (Pablo Picasso)900 Words   |  4 Pagesespecially in contemporary philosophy† because it relies on different AOK’s and WOK’s. The main area of art focused to support Picasso’s quote will be theatre and what philosophical role it plays in our e veryday society, do we really need it, and is theatre the true or false image of reality? It is evidently challenging to make any sense out of this quote especially when the truth can only be perceived with one’s certain opinion or belief. There is a certain philosophy that lies beyond the understandingRead MoreDeontology : A Sound Ethical Theory1312 Words   |  6 Pagesconsiderations. -(Online Guide to Ethics and Moral Philosophy). The Basics of Philosophy Ethics Doctrine states that the prima facie duties are: beneficence, non-mlaeficience, justice, self improvement, reparation, gratitude, and promise-keeping, (defined on the last page.) Another philosopher who backs deontology is Immanuel Kant. While Ross has laid out the basic obligations of the deontology theory, hes admits, according to the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, that these are more of guidelinesRead MoreMost Frequently Used Approaches to Normative Ethics697 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿The three most fr equently used approaches to normative ethics are, in no particular order of importance, virtue theory, deontology, and utilitarianism (Hursthouse, 2012). As such, there are a number of inherent differences and similarities that exist between these philosophical approaches to determining what sort of behavior constitutes that which is moral. In fact, the relevance of all three philosophies to the determination of action that is deemed ethically sanctioned is the chief similarityRead MoreUtilitarianism And Its Effect On Society1257 Words   |  6 PagesThe Study Of Ethics In The Professions. Utilitarianism. Web. 2 Nov. 2015. Henderson, David. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web. 3 Nov. 2015. Heydt, Colin. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web. 3 Nov. 2015. Moreland, J.P. Ethics Theories: Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics - Christian Research Institute. Christian Research Institute Ethics Theories Utilitarianism Vs Deontological Ethics Comments. ChristianRead MoreForms and Causes: Philosophies of Aristotle and Plato Essay1129 Words   |  5 Pagesand Plato, along with Socrates, laid the groundwork for what we now know as Western philosophy and science. Plato, in addition to being a philosopher, wrestled at the Olympic level, is one of the classical Greek authors, mathematicians and the founder of The Academy, the first higher learning institute in the west. In short, Plato is one of the great thinkers in history and his contributions to philosophy, ethics and politics are many and varied. One of Plato’s main philosophical ideas is basedRead MoreKant: Moral Theories1002 Words   |  5 PagesKants moral theory According to Timmons, the field of philosophy is not complete without the mention of Kant whose contributions were major (205). This, he adds, was influenced by his originality, subtle approach and the difficulty of his works. Timmons cites that moral requirements are a requirement of reason, which is the ideology of Kant’s Moral theory; hence, immoral act is an act against reason. Consequently, speaking on the terminologies of Kant we visualize moral requirements as CategoricalRead MoreVirtue Ethics : A Theory Of Morality1448 Words   |  6 PagesVirtue Ethics is a theory of morality. It only takes into account the individuals themselves when distinguishing morality. As defined in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Virtue Ethics is the theory that â€Å"emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach which emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that which emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism).† It is because of ità ¢â‚¬â„¢s seemingly â€Å"rule less† structure that the theory has shown appeal. Virtue ethicsRead MoreThe Spiritual Persective to the Book of Proverbs is Faith, Hope, and Charity664 Words   |  3 Pagesdeontological theory of moral ethics with the morals of Christianity to be quite logical. The reason I say this is that the moral dilemma that is presented to us in the case study is one of not only acts, but of agents. Acts are the basis for Kantianism, more precisely, which act reason tells us will rationally fulfill our moral duty. The will of agents or people, who form the very foundation for Christianity or virtue ethics, is found in the idea of moral fiber or good vs. evil. Ethics, derived from the GreekRead MoreThe Philosophy Of Human Nature1534 Words   |  7 PagesThe Philosophy of Human Nature For centuries, the world’s most brilliant philosophers, anthropologists, and theologians have curiously pondered the origins of humanity, and posed the tantalizing question: What does it mean to be human? In 1758, Carl Linnaeus, father of taxonomy, biologically classified human beings as Homo sapiens, the last surviving species of the Homo genus. Linnaeus’ distinction was based primarily on physical similarities in the bodily structures of humans and primates, but wouldRead MoreMy View On The World And The Way Of Living, Working, And Socializing1199 Words   |  5 Pagesgood and evil and right and wrong, their ethical worldview is inseparable from theology because is grounded in character of God. Muslims believe that moral norms are arbitrary and a product of God’s decree and can change as God chooses. (Christian Ethics, 2017) In today world we have numerous religions that they all have a different view on the world and these differences can be striking. There is an at least one thing in common between all these religions, each represents a distinctive take on

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Employee Relations High-Performance Workplace

Question: Describe about the Employee Relations for High-Performance Workplace. Answer: Introduction Wollongong Yard is a top trucking company with a reputation of high-performance workplace. It has a strong market position, but the employee relations are not in harmony. The Harvard Framework Model was adopted to revamp the company in which there were many workplace changes within the business. The first and foremost change were to replace the manager, introduction of the computer system, staff uniforms, training and development for the workers, mainly for the drivers. The resources which led the company to success are the new manager as well as George the union delegate. Their contributions along with risks are critically analyzed. Introduction of new workplace practices Human resource management technique is used by the organizations to manage carefully, source and allocated the important source human capital. The management of HR in the trucking company was in its transition stage. The Wollongong yard was very much popular and was considered as a high performer in the area, but handling the manager was not possible by the staff. The company was getting appreciation within the region and was considered as the contributor because of its high performance and union delegate Mr. George Psaros. He is the witness of the transition phase of the business and gave his full support to the management and the union workers (Barclay, 2001). The company was quite reputed because of its work but at the same time working here was a cumbersome task because the manager was very demanding with autocratic style of leadership and at the same time was very dominating. The management was also not ready to invest in the infrastructure, and it was finally acquired by a nat ional transport group. The company faced many challenges under the old management - managers commanding attitude, unwillingness to accept others opinion; the drivers became reluctant due to lack of the participation of administration. But after the acquisition of the company the management changed. The new management brought several changes in the workplace practices. The new management implemented the Harvard Framework model according to which the prime focus was given to the workers, and several amendments in the workplace were done to make it a productive environment (Wright, Snell, Dyer, 2005). This model puts forward that the manager has to accept work apart from his responsibilities for ensuring the synchronization of policies and strategies. The policies are framed to govern the growth of personals, and its implementation focuses that they are aligned with the objectives of the organization. This model creates the basis of four important human resource policies i.e. the recruitment, selecting the right candidate, terminating the non performers and appraisal or promotion of personals inside the organization. The system of work looks after designing as well as managing the work flow within the people. In doing this, the biggest obstacle was the line manager. He was autocratic as well as unwilling to believe in the analysis. Therefore, the ne w management not only changed the line manager but also brought several changes which are outlined below: Appointment of the new Line Manager: A new manager was appointed by the management who was aware of the past behavior as well as about the conflicts going on between the previous management and the union. The new manager was open minded and was also ready to listen to the new ideas and perspective of the workers. He was selected keeping in mind the capabilities he possesses such as to tackle the irritated union personnel and delegate George Psaros who was quite old in the system (Eastern, 2012). If anyone complains to him about other personnel rather than taking immediate action like the old manager he used to investigate the whole matter and then take steps to resolve the complaint instead of blaming others. The responsibilities were further delegated by the manager depending on the capabilities of the workers. Infrastructure Changes: The new management was ready to invest capital in the infrastructure, unlike the previous management. The new trucks were brought which was one of the major issues emphasized by the drivers in the discussion held with the recent manager. New uniforms were also purchased for all the drivers. Besides this new computer system was installed in the yards warehouse. Although all these amendments were initially unacceptable to the staff members but later on when they saw the benefits of all these things they welcomed the changes. Training and development: Training and development which is an important part were missing. Thus, to nurture the talent of the workers and enhance their knowledge as well as skills necessary for the new system the training program was started. The training was not only limited to the technical part but was also catering to the customer service segment (Bhurtel, 2015). Health and safety: The manager was continuously working for the improvement of the health and safety to get the support as well as the confidence of the staff. A lot of time and money was spent to clean the dock yard area to create clean working environment for the workers (Mann, 2004). Risks involved in sustaining changes Human Resource Department also focuses on the career growth and financial upliftment of the individuals in the organization (Rana, 2015). The personnels can move upward in the career ladder with their sheer hard work. The new manager as well as the union delegate have shown their capabilities and brought tremendous changes for the betterment of the business. Therefore, the challenging task was to sustain the changes if the manager or union delegate moves to another company or to another level in the current organization. Not only this there was need to retain the key resources who are behind the success of the company - the new manager who has been able to achieve the assigned tasks and George who was in the system from very early stages without any promotions. Loss of any of these resources can hamper the contribution as well as the performance within the organization. The risks involved in such a decision are as follows: The risk of unfinished task: If the companys essential resources are moved then there is the risk of unfinished tasks that were initiated by the manager and George for the betterment of the business. Both of them are settled as of now in the system, and movement of any one of them in future can disturb the entire course of action. The sense of insecurity: The new manager gave a lot of time and energy to win the assurance of the staff. If he is moved then, the workers will develop a sense of insecurity because their previous experience with the old manager was not good. Apart from this, their future growth prospects will be in a big question as well as the flow of operations will be hampered between the management and the staff. Lack of confidence. The union delegate George has high respect as well as assurance among the staff over the period. He was in the system since old management his movement can result in unresolved issues and disturbance in the communication channel which is quite smooth (Finegan, 2000). Unbiased Communication: The new manager shares the information about the performance of the yard with the drivers; this was a new concept which has enhanced the co-ordination as well as the performance of the staff (Brajer-Marczak, 2014). His communication was unbiased and clear for all the staff members (Imus Loftin, 2013). Employment relationsare the connecting link between the employers andthe employees, the existing power dynamics and the guidelines of therelationship. The element of poweris not essentially on the employer side; though, recent legislation has privileged them by giving the preference for workplace agreements above collective bargaining.It starts when the individual perform employment under certain circumstances in return for salary. The relationships have evolved over the period from a master/servant to the manager/managed in developed states because of the industrial revolution that resulted in the move from service as an issue ofstatus to service as a factor of contract. These relations have given the emphasis to the employees to the greater extent which in turn results in the efforts of retaining the best talent arises within the organization. Employment retention another important aspect of the Human Resource Management which focuses on retaining the best talent within the organization as introducing the new incumbent requires a lot of time and cost in recruitment, training (Lee, 2001). There are ample reasons for the individual to move out or to opt for going forward to a higher level within the company. Some of these reasons are remuneration, the opportunity of working on another challenging task or project, the dissatisfaction of the employee with current profile and moving up on the ladder of the career, etc. (Glowacka, 2016). Keeping all these reasons in mind employee retention policy is framed within the organization. Adaptability of changes in the workplace The Human Resource Management literature portrays that the truck workers are adaptive to the amendments in the workplace as compared to the Public Sector. The blue collar union is the union of personnel who are working as drivers in the companies, shop floor staff, fire fighters, etc. All these workers have a privilege of greater support from the union as compared to the people who are working in the service sector or in the private sector. The blue collar workers are that staff who have higher manual skills and lower knowledge of academics as well as literacy rate is lower. They are paid remuneration either on the hourly basis or on daily or weekly basis depending on the structure of the work. These types of workers are more concerned about unions rather than the administration of the company for which they are working (Undy, 2015). Their demand is higher in the market as the job requires more manual as well as labor work as compared to other jobs in the private sector in which the knowledge base is considered as an important factor. In some of the countries, blue collar union workers are paid more as compared to those white collar workers. These people are mainly hired for the production work and their interaction with the management is very minimal. On their behalf, the union representative who is chosen by them negotiates and communicates with the top management. The workforce working for the service sector is regarded as professional or the skilled workers in accordance with their academic qualification as well as professional expertise. These employees have a professional degree or experience to support their remuneration and the job designated by the company. Thus, they have lesser support from the unions and their participation in the union as a member is least. Their viewpoint and level of acceptability to the changes in the workplace varies as compared to the individuals who are working or supported by the unions. For e.g. transport workers. People working in the service sector are closer to the administration as well as participate in some of the decision-making activities whereas individuals associated with unions, have no such participation (Rantakeisu Jnsson, 2003). If the management has to bring any changes in the workplace of people who are associated with unions then a consensus from the delegate is taken to the minimal extent of negotiation whereas the individuals who are working in the service sector has more say in the decision-making policy. Therefore, the adaptability of the union transport staff to the changes in the workplace is more accepting as compared to those who are working in the service or public sector (AteÃ…Å ¸, Szen, YeloÄÅ ¸lu, 2014). Recommendations Employee engagement is a crucial aspect of HR which was missing in the organization before the acquisition. The new management has taken this into consideration which in turn resulted in the performance growth. Various Hr practices which have a strong influence in maintaining the consistency among the employees were used (Uen, Chen, Chen, 2014). All these changes which have been brought in should remain for the betterment of the organization. The two key resources i.e. the manager, as well as the delegate of the union, needs to be retained within the company. Apart from this the ideas, as well as the complaints of the workers, should be heard from time to time. Conclusion: To revamp the company, The Harvard Framework Model was adopted, and several changes in the workplace were introduced within the organization. The changes which took place were replacing the line manager, introduction of computer systems, new uniforms for the drivers, improved communication channel, and training for all the workers. The key resources responsible for the success of the company are the new manager as well as the union delegate. Their contributions along with the risks associated are critically analyzed.Employee retention policy of the HR in retaining the best resource is crucial for the organization. The workers are more acceptable and adaptable to the various changes initiated by the management. Laconically, the role of human resource is extremely crucial as well as exemplary. References AteÃ…Å ¸, F., Szen, C., YeloÄÅ ¸lu, O. (2014). A Comperative Study on Perceptions and Reactions of Workers: A Research on Blue and White Collar Workers. Journal Of Business Research - Turk, 6(2), 106-106. Barclay, J. (2001). Improving selection interviews with structure: organisations use of behavioural interviews. Personnel Review, 30(1), 81-101. Bhurtel, A. (2015). Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Workforce Development. Journal Of Training And Development, 1(0). Brajer-Marczak, R. (2014). Employee engagement in continuous improvement of processes. Management, 18(2). Eastern, J. (2012). Hiring the Right Employees. Skin Allergy News, 43(7), 24. Finegan, J. (2000). The impact of person and organizational values on organizational commitment. Journal Of Occupational And Organizational Psychology, 73(2), 149-169. Glowacka, M. (2016). 2016/20 May employees move up the salary ladder more slowly at the start of their career? (AT). European Employment Law Cases, 1(2), 85-88. Imus, D. Loftin, P. (2013). The Beauty of Clear Communication. Cartographic Perspectives, (73), 103-106. Lee, L. (2001). Employee Retention. INSIGHT, 3(4), 54-54. Mann, C. (2004). Safety culture? What safety culture?. Nursing Management, 11(7), 10-13. Paauwe, J. Boselie, P. (2003). Challenging 'strategic HRM' and the relevance of the institutional setting. Human Res Manag J, 13(3), 56-70. Rana, S. (2015). High-involvement work practices and employee engagement. Human Resource Development International, 18(3), 308-316. Rantakeisu, U. Jnsson, L. (2003). Unemployment and mental health among white-collar workers - a question of work involvement and financial situation?. International Journal Of Social Welfare, 12(1), 31-41. Uen, J., Chen, S., Chen, C. (2014). Exploring the Influence of HR Practices Consistency and Employees{inverted exclamation} Role Performance. Academy Of Management Proceedings, 2014(1), 13199-13199. Undy, R. (2015). Trade union organisation. Industrial Relations Journal, 46(1), 12-19. Wright, P., Snell, S., Dyer, L. (2005). New models of strategic HRM in a global context. The International Journal Of Human Resource Management, 16(6), 875-881.

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

Coetzees Foe Essay Example

Coetzees Foe Paper Emory Wonham Professor Gogineni English 229C 25 October 2011 The Power of Language in Coetzee’s Foe: The Inevitable Power Struggle Between Character and Author for Narrative Control While directly questioning Western societys unfaltering acceptance of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe through the postcolonial themes of patriarchy, feminism, and racism, Coetzee’s Foe centers on the power of language as its primary theme. Issues of language and power arise out of the novels blurred relationship between literature and reality, which is vividly represented by the constant struggle between character and author to maintain control of the narrative. Susan Barton and Foe both take extreme measures in their attempts to gain control of the island story, demonstrating the novel’s emphasis on the power struggle of author and character, and society’s unfaltering belief in language that fails to distinguish between fact and fiction, inevitably leading to the creation of a mythological text. Manuel Jimenez, an English professor at the University of Seville, claims in his article, Father to My story; Writing Foe, De-Authorizing De(Foe), that Foe â€Å"presents us with a sort of investigation of a possibly silenced origin of Defoe’s text, in an exercise not of science-fiction but of literature-fiction† (8). He hints at the likelihood of Foe being a found manuscript of one of the original drafts of Robinson Crusoe. The absence of a female character in Robinson Crusoe can lead to the argument that Susan Barton’s fate as a character has been written in history since before she even reaches the island. We will write a custom essay sample on Coetzees Foe specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Coetzees Foe specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Coetzees Foe specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Although she is unaware at the time, Susan’s escape from the island is also her sacrifice of narrative control. The moment she sets foot in England, she unintentionally gives up her place in history, becoming an active member in Foe’s gradual process of erasing her from the story, manipulating her memory, and extinguishing her identity and substantiality as a human. Susan’s journey from the island to England symbolizes her transformation from a character to a real person, and foreshadows her battle with Foe to maintain narrative control and her ultimate destruction by means of literatures manipulation f reality into â€Å"mythological creation† (Jimenez 8). Susan remains oblivious to her dispensability as a character even after she returns to England and is convinced that her story is a unique example of the â€Å"good fortune we are always hoping for† (Coetzee 48). Barton’s inability to distinguish between fact and fiction is apparent from t he beginning of the novel when she has trouble identifying the â€Å"truth† in Cruso’s stories and admits she â€Å"did not know what was truth, what was lies, and what was mere rambling† (Coetzee 12). It is not until well after Cruso’s death and her return to England that Susan begins to understand Cruso’s â€Å"indifference to salvation† (Coetzee 13), and their inevitable fate as characters. Escape is Susan’s only desire when she resides on the island, and Cruso’s opposition towards rescue baffles her. Her unfaltering faith in the power of words sharply contrasts with Cruso’s, and she believes his life on the island is meaningless without a trace of written evidence to verify his experiences. She is convinced that â€Å"Cruso rescued will be a deep disappointment to the world† (Coetzee 34), and she deems it her moral responsibility to take his story with her across seas. Susan’s incomprehension of Cruso’s desire to silence his story leads her to conclude that isolation has caused him to forget the value of language as a form memory. During her time on the island, Susan is aware of the repetitive nature of the castaway novel and understands that â€Å"All shipwrecks become the same shipwreck, all castaways the same castaway† (Coetzee 18). Yet she still believes the power of language will make their story unique and immortalize them in history. Susan is conscious of the tedious and repetitive reality of their life on the island, and she is also conscious that, â€Å"The world expects stories from its adventurers† (Coetzee 34). It is with this knowledge that she confidently places the fate of their story in the hands of Foe, with the belief that he possesses the artistic ability to create the â€Å"liveliness [that] is lost in the writing down† (Coetzee 40). Foe’s unhesitant manipulation of Susan’s memoir drives her to question the true nature of this so-called â€Å"liveliness† and marks a turning point in the novel, as Susan looses her initial faith in the power of language and begins to doubt the validity of literature’s portrayal of reality. It is after Cruso’s death, and after her encounters with Foe in England, that Susan understands why Cruso had no desire to escape or to record his memories; he knew that with or without their memories, their history was already written, and their destiny as characters already determined by societys manipulation of reality through literature. The first time Susan is confronted with the possibility that her story will be altered to fit the needs of the author, not herself, the character, is through conversation with Captain Smith on her voyage back to England. He agrees that her story is remarkable enough to be a part of history, and he confirms her belief that an author would bring the story to life, adding a â€Å"dash of color here and there† (Coetzee 40). Despite being in agreement about the need of an author’s creative touch, their understanding of the extent to which an author should manipulate a story from its original form to please society is not congruent. Captain Smith explains to Susan that an author’s â€Å"trade is in books, not in truth (Coetzee 40)†. At this point in the novel Susan is still convinced that the truth of her story will be enough to receive fame and fortune, and there will be no need for it to be manipulated by her author. She claims she would â€Å"rather be the author of my own story than have lies told about me† (Coetzee 40). Susan’s awaited realization of Foe’s intentions to distort her narrative first appear when she attempts to recreate her life on the island in the form of a personal memoir. While originally intended to serve as an aid to Foe in his authorship of her narrative, her memoir ironically opens her eyes to the seemingly impossible task of telling the truth while pleasing readers. Susan begins to â€Å"understand why Mr. Foe pricked up his ears when he heard the world cannibal, why he longed for Cruso to have a Musket and a carpenter’s chest† (Coetzee 83). At this point in the novel, Susan and Friday are living in a desperate state, awaiting Foe’s publication of their story that will make â€Å"them famous throughout the land, and rich too† (Coetzee 58). As doubts of Foe’s intentions and completion of their story swim through Susan’s head, she tries to convince herself that the publication is the missing link between their current dismal life and a happy free life. â€Å"Is writing not a fine thing, Friday? Are you not filled with joy to know that you will live forever, after a manner† (Coetzee 58)? This rhetorically phrased question to the silent Friday demonstrates Susan’s denial of the reality that Foe has complete narrative control at this point in the novel. The already blurred line between literature and reality becomes even more undefined as the physical worlds of Foe and Susan collide. Susan’s resistance to Foe’s manipulation of her narrative shocks Foe and forces him to face his character in the real world, as she takes on the role as his Muse, trying to seduce him to live inside her story. Despite Susan’s unanswered letters to Foe, she still holds on to her belief that he would be nowhere â€Å"without the woman† (Coetzee 73). Just as Foe thinks he has successfully silenced the voice of Susan Barton and gained complete narrative control, she physically appears in his world, refusing to be a forgotten character. During their physical encounters, Foe attempts to convince Susan that the â€Å"island is not a story in itself. It is a waterlogged boat drifting day after day in an empty ocean† (Coetzee 117). He tries to persuade her to tell him of her life before the island, of her search for her beloved daughter, but Susan does not approve of the addition of these experiences into her story. Aware that she is losing her place in Foe’s story, she desperately attempts to defend herself to Foe as a person of substance, who deserves to be acknowledged. â€Å"I choose not to tell it because to no one, not even you, do I owe proof that I am a substantial being with a substantial history in the world† (Coetzee 131). Susan’s intentional silence can be directly compared to Cruso’s lack of motivation to escape or to record his memories. Susan finally understands that she has no control, as Cruso had no control, of the literature that will arise from their lives on the island. Foe responds to Susan’s resistance by forcing her to acknowledge his power over her fate as a character by sending a young girl to her, claiming to be her daughter. The persistent and rehearsed act this young girl performs is believable to any outsider, demonstrating the ease with which Foe can alter perception and reality. Although Susan knows this girl is not her biological daughter, her interactions with her still cause her to question the validity of her own memories. As the island becomes a fading memory, her initial confidence in the value of truth in her story staggers. Foe takes advantage of her insecurities and causes her to consider if â€Å"these are strange enough circumstances to make a story of† (Coetzee 67). Foe’s intentions with this fabricated daughter are to make Susan aware of her dispensability and lack of substance as a character. Susan is conscious of Foe’s intentions and understands that, from an outsider’s perspective, â€Å"we are as yet only a castaway and a dumb slave and now a madwoman† (Coetzee 77). When Susan continues to resist his manipulation of her narrative, Foe takes physical control over her by means of sex, dominating her physically and mentally. Jimenez views Foe’s total domination of Susan as the novel’s representation of how â€Å"the creation of the mythos can only be done at the expense of sacrificing, at least partly, fidelity to the original experience of material† (8). The creation of Robinson Crusoe was made possible by the silencing of Susan’s story, sacrificing her role in history to the mythological hero of Crusoe. The last section of the novel symbolizes Susan’s final eradication from Foe’s story, as he has at last achieved complete narrative control, leaving Susan and her story to â€Å"sink to settle among the bones of the dead† (Coetzee 141). With Susan’s character finally resting quietly at the bottom of the ocean, he takes advantage of the power of language, producing a novel that will forever breech the boundary of literature and reality. Perhaps either embarrassed by his difficulty dismissing Susan Barton as a character, or attempting to justify his manipulations of original content, Foe creates a new identity for himself, Defoe, from which he creates the famous Robinson Crusoe. The recreation of Susan’s original story supports Edward Said’s notion, found in his book Culture and Imperialism, that â€Å"how we formulate or represent the past shapes our understanding and views of the present (4). The ideal heroic figure that Robinson Crusoe still embodies in today’s society demonstrates literature’s unreliability as a source of history, and its tendency to create useful pasts that exclude unwanted elements, vestiges, and narratives (Said 15). Susan’s reflection on the events that transpired and led to the publication of Robinson Crusoe are best illustrated in the beginning of the novel, when she reflects on her own participation in the elimination of her character. After literally being erased from her own story, she realizes that she existed on the island â€Å"only as the one who came, the one who witnessed, the one who longed to be gone: a being without substance, a ghost beside the body of Cruso† (Coetzee 53). She finally understands that by leaving the fictional setting of her narrative, she consequently sacrificed her place in history, and by resisting Foe’s manipulation of her story, she was inevitably removed. She considers different hypothetical situations that could have prevented the publication of Robinson Crusoe, and thinks to herself, if only she had â€Å"said less about him, more about myself† (Coetzee 51). Her once intense desire to escape the island is forever haunted by her realization that when Cruso was forcefully removed from his island, â€Å"he was a prisoner, and I, despite myself, his gaoler† (Coetzee 43). Jimenez demonstrates how Foe addresses â€Å"the way in which language is used to generate a fabulation that can be offered and accepted as real, as an objective representation of an unquestionable reality† (8). At the end of the novel Susan comprehends Foe’s reasons for writing her out of the story, and she realizes that the relationship between literature and reality rests in the hands of authors alone, and that society is susceptible to believe anything and everything they write. She failed to see â€Å"what we can accept in life, we [society] cannot accept in history† (Coetzee 67), and in turn she becomes a victim to the power of the â€Å"tongue in which we jest and lie and seduce† (Coetzee 85). Works Cited Jimenez, M. â€Å"’Father to my story’: Writing Foe, De-Authorizing (De)Foe. † Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses. 8. 3 (2005): 7-24. Web. 20 Oct. 2011. Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Knopf/Random House, 1993. Print.

Thursday, March 12, 2020

Profile of Harvey M. Robinson

Profile of Harvey M. Robinson The east side of Allentown, Pennsylvania had the reputation of being a nice, safe area for families to raise children. The residents in the area felt secure to walk their dogs, jog, and let their kids play out in the yards. All of that changed in the summer of 1992. The residents and police force of Allentown had a problem. For the first time, its east side residents were being stalked by a serial killer. A Killer Is Born Harvey M. Robinson was born on December 6, 1974. He grew up in a troubled family. His father, Harvey Rodriguez Robinson, was an alcoholic and physically and emotionally abusive towards his mother. By the time he was three, his parents were divorced. Harvey Rodriguez Robinson ended up going to prison for manslaughter after beating his mistress to death. The younger Harvey idolized his father, regardless of his abusive and criminal behavior. School Years At a very early age, young Harvey Robinson showed great athletic and academic potential. He won awards for his essays and was a fierce competitor in wrestling, soccer, football and various cross-country sports. However, as early as nine years old he demonstrated a dark side that diminished all of his positive accomplishments. School counselors determined that Robinson suffered from severe conduct disorder. As a child, he was known to throw tantrums. As he got older, he developed a quick temper and was unable to define between right and wrong. From the age of nine to 17, he filled up a rap sheet with numerous arrests including burglary and resisting arrest. He was also a known substance abuser, which added to his propensity towards impulsive aggressive behavior. He detested authority and lashed out at those who tried to control him including the police and his teachers. As he grew older, his threats intensified. Teachers and students were afraid of Robinson, and he liked it. Why Robinson began raping and murdering children and women is unknown, but as far as what is known for sure, it all started on August 9, 1992, when he was 17-years-old. First Victim At about 12:35 a.m. on August 5, 1992, Robinson burglarized the home of Joan Burghardt, 29, who lived alone in a one-bedroom apartment on the first floor of a residential apartment complex on the east side of Allentown. He broke through the screen on the patio door, which was locked, and ripped just enough to slip his hand through the doorknob and open it. Burghardt reported the burglary and the missing $50 from a drawer in her bedroom dresser. Everything else seemed undisturbed. Four days later at around 11:30 a.m. on August 9, 1992, Burghardts neighbor telephoned the police to complain that Burghardts stereo had been on for three days and nights and that no one answered the doorbell. She also reported that the screen had been out of the window for three nights and during one of those nights she heard Burghardt screaming and banging the wall and sounds as if she was being beaten up. When the police arrived, they found Burghardt dead, lying on the living room floor. She had been severely beaten about the head. The autopsy revealed that Burghardt had been sexually assaulted and hit over the head at least 37 times, fracturing her skull and damaging her brain. She also had defensive injuries on both hands, indicating that she was alive during at least some of the attack. Seminal stains were found on a pair of shorts found at the scene, suggesting that a male had masturbated on them. Second Victim Charlotte Schmoyer, 15, was always diligent about delivering the Morning Call newspaper on her assigned route on the east side of Allentown. When she failed to deliver the paper on the morning of June 9, 1983, one of her customers scanned the street for the young carrier. She did not spot Schmoyer, but what she did see alarmed her enough to phone the police. Schmoyers newspaper cart was left unattended, for more than 30 minutes, in front of a neighbors house. When the police arrived, they found that the newspaper cart was half-filled with newspapers, and Schmoyers radio and the headset had been strewn on the ground between two houses. There were also finger streaks on the windowpane of the door to the nearby garage of one of the houses. Based on the scene the police concluded that Schmoyer had likely been abducted. The police began their search and found her bicycle abandoned along with some of her personal property. Within hours a tip came in, and investigators began searching a wooded area where they found blood, a shoe, and the body of Charlotte Schmoyer buried under a stack of logs. According to the autopsy report, Schmoyer was stabbed 22 times, and her throat was slashed. Also, there were cutting and scraping wounds in her neck area, indicating they were inflicted while the Schmoyer was conscious and her neck bent down. She had also been raped. Investigators were able to collect blood samples, a pubic hair and a head hair on Schmoyer that did not match her blood and hair. The evidence was later matched to Robinson through DNA. Burglary John and Denise Sam-Cali lived on the east side of Allentown, not far from where Schmoyer had been abducted. On June 17, 1993, Robinson burglarized their home while the couple was away for a few days. He had taken Johns gun collection, which was kept in a bag in the closet. Within days John bought three new guns, one of which he purchased for Denise for protection. The couple grew even more concerned about their safety after learning that someone had broken into their neighbors home and attacked their child. Third Victim On June 20, 1993, Robinson entered a womans home and choked and raped her five-year-old daughter. The child managed to live but based on her injuries it appeared that he had intended for her to die. Some theorized that he was actually after the childs mother, but when he found her sleeping with her partner, he attacked the child instead. Fourth Victim On June 28, 1993, John Sam-Cali was out of town, and Denise was alone. She awoke to the sounds Robinson was making from inside the walk-in closet near her bedroom. Frightened, she decided to try to run out of the house, but he grabbed her, and they struggled. She managed to get out of the house, but Robinson grabbed at her again and pinned her down onto the ground in the front yard. As the two fought, she was able to bite him on the inside of his arm. He repeatedly punched her, sliced her lip open and then raped her, however, her screams alerted a neighbor who turned on her porch light, and Robinson ran away. When the police arrived, they found Denise alive, but severely beaten, with strangulation marks around her neck, and her lip deeply slashed. They also found a butcher knife wrapped in a napkin lying outside the bathroom door. After recovering in the hospital, the Sam-Calis went out of town for a few days. Fifth Victim On July 14, 1993, Robinson raped and murdered Jessica Jean Fortney, 47, in the living room of her daughter and son-in-laws home. She was found dead, half-naked and her face was swollen and black. There was blood spatter on the wall indicating she had died a violent death. The autopsy revealed that Fortney died in the early morning hours after being strangled and severely beaten. It was also determined that she had been raped. What Robinson did not know was that Fortneys granddaughter had witnessed the killing and was able to give the police his description. Back to Finish the Job On July 18, 1993, the Sam-Calis returned home. Before going out of town, they had the house equipped with a burglar alarm. At about 4:00 a.m. Denise heard a noise in the house and then the back door opened, setting off the alarm and the intruder, Robinson, took off. After that, the Allentown police set up a sting operation and arranged for a police officer to stay in the Sam-Cali home every night. They thought the man who attacked her was coming back to kill her because she could identify him. Their hunch was right. Officer Brian Lewis was staked out inside the Sam-Cali home when at around 1:25 a.m. on July 31, 1993, Robinson returned to the house and tried to open doors. Lewis heard the noises, then watched as Robinson broke into the house through a window. Once he was entirely inside, Lewis identified himself as a police officer and told Robinson to halt. Robinson began shooting at Lewis and gunfire was exchanged. Lewis went to the Sam-Calis bedroom to warn the couple to stay inside the room. He then called for backup. In the meantime, Robinson escaped by breaking through several glass panels on a wooden door in the kitchen. The police found a blood trail in the kitchen and out the door. It looked like the intruder had been shot, or severely cut during his escape. The local hospitals were alerted. Caught A few hours later the police were called to the local hospital after Robinson showed up there to be treated for a gunshot wound. A physical exam of Robinson found that he had fresh wounds to his arms and legs indicative of being cut with glass as well as a bite mark on the inner part of his arm. Officer Lewis also identified Robinson as the man he encountered inside the Sam-Calis home. He was arrested on various charges including kidnapping, burglary, rape, attempted murder, and murder. Investigators built a large case against Robinson with DNA evidence, eyewitness accounts and physical evidence found at his home and the victims homes. It was a solid case. The jury found him guilty for raping and murdering Charlotte Schmoyer, Joan Burghardt, and Jessica Jean Fortney. He was sentenced to a combined 97 years in prison and three death sentences. Resentenced Robinson and his lawyers were able to get two of the three death sentences resentenced to life in prison. One death sentence remains.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Corporate strategy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Corporate strategy - Essay Example The sections outlined include; evaluation of growth strategies, implementation of the various models and identification and evaluation of strategies for internal improvement of the company. These various models are discussed at length and a conclusive recommendation, drawn on the best way McDonalds can retain its position as a leading market player in the fast food industry. McDonalds is a group of fast food restaurant companies. According to a previous study, the company stands as the world’s largest chain serving more than 119 countries across the world (Maria, 2013); however, it is faced with many challenges and threats. In this report, strategic measures that can be implemented by McDonalds to curb various challenges that hinder its growth and development are discussed. It involves an in-depth discussion of analysis of several management models and possible suggestions that will help the company with implementation of better ways to solve the challenges and hence retain its glory as market leader in the fast food industry. The Boston Consulting Group (BCG), a worldwide management consultancy firm, developed a BCG model that for investment and growth (BCG, 2014). The company can be divided into strategic business units according to their market shares and growth rates to enable a concise evaluation of the model. Cash cows; according to the model, this is where the company has high market share in a much slower growing industry. They generate a reasonable amount of cash used to maintain the business although it is given low investment which usually leads to wastage in a low-growth industry. In McDonald’s, sale of a vast array of fast food products fall under the cash cow category. Dogs; they are units with low market share in a mature and slow-growing industry. They usually don’t generate enough cash, although they are used by investors